Bed bugs are the small, oval shaped, non flying insects that are grouped under the family Cimicidae consisting of 3 insect species that bite people. They feed themselves by sucking blood from animals and humans. While adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color, the nymph bed bugs are clear but appear red after sucking someone’s blood.
Where they are found
Bed bugs were common in the United States during and before World War II but disappeared during the 1940s and 1950s after widespread use of DDT to eradicate them. Their numbers have increased once more, possibly due to widespread immigration and travelers coming from other countries as well as curtailing the use of strong pesticides like DDT.
They are found in crowded living quarters, unsanitary conditions or if large numbers of mammals like bats and birds are nesting nearby.
Bed bugs are capable of surviving in any room of the house and usually reside in cracks and crevices. Upholstered furniture, carpet edges, textiles, furniture such as dressers, wicker furniture etc can be infested with bed bugs.
Bed bugs are also commonly found in areas where people sleep and you can find them concentrated in bed mattresses, bed frames, box springs etc. You can also find them in wallpaper cracks, especially near the beds.
Spread of Bed Bugs
Bed bugs can survive in any furniture article, bedding, clothing etc. Their eggs may also be present there. They may spread by crawling on their own and may infest other rooms in the house or even other houses in an apartment building. They may also be carried if furniture, clothing or bedding is shifted from one room to the other or from one residence to the other. Bed bugs are quite resilient and can survive for months without feeding.